section 1: listening test
part a: spot dictation
direction: in this part of the test, you will hear a passage and read the same passage with blanks in it. fill in each of the blanks with the words you have heard on the tape. write your answer in the space in your answer booklet. remember you will hear the passage only once.
as long as we are in a , there is the for happiness as well as for serious conflict. this applies at work, _________(1), and at home. the simple fact is that s are not always _________(2) sailing. conflict can lead to anger, , and further conflicts. on the other hand, it can be used as _________(3) for solving problems.
for example, you can handle conflict by _________(4) that the problem exists, smoothing it over, or to the other person. these, of course, will _________(5) win or lose situations. but when you resolve conflict through collaboration and , you can achieve _________(6) situations. in today's lecture, i shall outline a few steps on _________(7) a conflict into a solution in which both parties win.
first _________(8). explain the problem to the other party. you should _________(9) the conflict. it's hard to fix something before _________(10) on what is broken.
second, understand all points of view. set aside your own opinions for a moment and _________(11) to understand the other points of view. when people feel that they have been heard, they're often more _________(12).
third, brainstorm solutions. dream up as many solutions as you can and _________(13) them one by one. this step will require _________(14). talk about which solutions will work and _________(15) they will be to . your solutions need to be by both parties, so you should be prepared to _________(16). later, you'll need to review the _________(17) of the accepted solution. if it _________(18), be open to making changes or _________(19)to bring about a new solution.
finally, . when you have both _________(20), decide who is going to do what by when. then keep your agreements.
part b: listening comprehension
directions: in this part of the test there will be some short talks and conversations. after each one, you will be asked some questions. the talks, conversations and questions will be spoken only once. now listen carefully and choose the right answer to each question you have heard and write the letter of the answer you have chosen in the space in your answer booklet.
1. (a) mr. baker doesn't like to go to the meeting last night.
(b) last night mr. baker to cancel this morning's meeting.
(c) mr. baker made up his mind not to go to this morning's meeting.
(d) mr. baker made a last-minute decision to hold the meeting this morning.
2. (a) hard work often brings about in parts of the human body.
(b) if you are nervous, you may hurt yourself in performing this kind of task.
(c) those staff members who work back to back are hard on each other.
(d) this exercise is to relax your muscles in the neck, the shoulders and the back.
3. (a) we have been working on this machine for two years.
(b) free work is for a period of two years.
(c) you don't have to do repair work on this machine in two years.
(d) with cleaning, the oil in this machine can run for two years.
4. (a) only those high school graduates with excellent skills can be admitted into colleges.
(b) no matter how difficult it is, high school graduates should at least try twice to get themselves into colleges.
(c) students should consider what they want to learn in the university.
(d) once in the university, you will feel superior to those drop-out students.
5. (a) all the board members voted for the chairman's proposal to open the branch office.
(b) the chairman was not in favor of the opening of a branch office in the suburbs.
(c) the board members are expecting a new chairman from the office.
(d) the chairman's proposal to set up a branch office was turned down by the board members.
6. (a) mary had made an appointment to see the manager last tuesday.
(b) mary has been applying for a job and is going to see the manager next week.
(c) mary is shortsighted and cannot see that manager in the next office.
(d) mary didn't get that job since she was rude to the manager on tuesday.
7. (a) the supermarket will be finished in sixty days.
(b) it took us more than sixty days to finish building the supermarket.
(c) the supermarket should have been finished sixty days ago.
(d) the supermarket had been built sixty days earlier.
8. (a) her attendance record was damaged.
(b) her attendance record was never perfect.
(c) she had once assisted in keeping the attendance record.
(d) she had kept a near-perfect attendance record.
9. (a) he didn't know what would happen if he made the suggestion.
(b) he didn't feel nervous after he had put forward the suggestion.
(c) he realized that the committee members would not adopt his suggestion.
(d) he considered it important to talk to the committee members first.
10. (a) the expo will be open the day after tomorrow.
(b) the expo is rescheduled to open on friday.
(c) the expo's opening is delayed until tomorrow.
(d) the expo is not likely to open on friday.
2. talks and conversations
directions: in this part of the test, you will hear several short talks and conversations. after each of these, you will hear a few questions. listen carefully because you will hear the talk or conversation and questions only once. when you hear a question read the four answer choices and choose the best answer to that question. then write the letter of the answer you have chosen in the space in your answer booklet.
11. (a) mr. powell telephoned.
(b) the woman dated mr. powell.
(c) someone came to see him.
(d) there was a traffic jam.
12. (a) because she hasn't recorded the phone message.
(b) because she hasn't let mr. powell in.
(c) because she hasn't invited him to lunch.
(d) because she hasn't phoned him.
13. (a) mr. powell's name card.
(b) the restaurant's phone number.
(c) some money to make a phone call.
(d) the name of a well-known department store.
14. (a) the woman was not careful about the man's name card.
(b) the man was expecting someone for something urgent.
(c) the man was not available when mr. powell came in.
(d) the woman accepted the man's for his mistake.
15. (a) in 1961.
(b) in 1963.
(c) in 1970.
(d) in 1971.
16. (a) learning materials.
(b) laboratory facilities.
(c) summer courses.
(d) party invitations.
17. (a) some tests can be done at home.
(b) all the college courses are available.
(c) registrations are all the year round.
(d) invitations to parties are free to all the students.
18. (a) part-time students may get cheaper snacks.
(b) students are able to get tv study programmes.
(c) students can attend lectures once a week.
(d) students may in summer school courses.
19. (a) a lawyer.
(b) an artist.
(c) a student.
(d) a physician.
20. (a) she thinks that it is a well-paid profession.
(b) she considers herself to be fit for it.
(c) she is unable to find other jobs for some time.
(d) she wants to live of other people.
21. (a) she can speak several languages.
(b) she is more careful and kinder.
(c) she can serve women s better.
(d) she is able to get more sympathy.
22. (a) because it is well known for its excellence.
(b) because it is in terms of school tuition fees.
(c) because it offers married students' apartments.
(d) because it allows students to practice during the school terms.
23. (a) studying socio-linguistics.
(b) talking about the weather.
(c) saying hullo to each other.
(d) listening to weather forecasts.
24. (a) linguists
25. (a) he is probably to begin a conversation.
(b) he is requesting an answer.
(c) he is carefully planning an out-door excursion.
(d) he is tentatively preparing a on social conventions.
26. (a) english people like to begin a conversation when the climate is favorable.
(b) foreign visitors are sometimes annoyed by the variability of the weather in england.
(c) england is said to have the most effective transportation system in the world.
(d) the weather conditions in england are not as bad as some people have imagined.
27. (a) 20,000.
28. (a) the family owners.
(b) the pressure groups.
(c) the government and the councils.
(d) the local housing committees.
29. (a) because the rents are too high.
(b) because there are not enough hostels.
(c) because the local councils are in and indifferent.
(d) because some state-run homes are less comfortable than prisons.
30. (a) a state-run apartment building for the homeless.
(b) an local housing committee in the metropolis.
(c) a southern city that has solved the housing problem.
(d) a organization that offers help to the homeless.
part c: listening and translation
i. sentence translation
directions: in this part of the test, you will hear 5 sentence in english. you will hear the sentences only once. after you have heard each sentence, it into chinese and write your in the space in your answer booklet.
ii. passage translation
directions: in this part of the test, you will hear 2 passages in english. you will hear the passages only once. after you have heard each passage, it into chinese and write your in the space in your answer booklet. you may take notes while you are listening.
section 2: study skills
direction: in this section, you will read several passages. each one is followed by several questions about it. you are to choose one best answer, (a), (b), (c) or (d), to each question. answer all the questions following each passage on the basis of what is stated or implied in that passage and write the letter of the answer you have chosen in the space in your answer booklet.
in a bay near almeria in southern spain will be built the world' first underwater residence for tourists. the hotel will be 40 feet down in the mediterranean. as all the world opened to tour operators, there was still a frontier behind which lay three quarters of the globe's surface, the sea; in whose cool depths light fades; no winds blow; there are no stars. there even the most bored travelers could recapture their sense of romance, terror or beauty. for a submerged hotel is such a beautiful idea.
the hotel will cost ?170,000 and will be able to up to ten people a night. up until now only s and professional have lived under the sea, but soon, for the first time, the public will be able to go down into the darkness. they will have to swim down in diving suits, but at 40 feet there would be no problem about decompression.
design of the hotel was crucial. most of the underwater structures used before had been in the shape of a diving bell or . professional could cope with such things but ordinary people would run the risk of violent claustrophobia. then an austrian had the idea of making three interconnecting circular structures, 18 feet in , and looking much like flying saucers. they would be cast in and launched from the shore. towed into position they would then be sunk. a foundation of cast would already be in place on the sea-bed. pylons would attach the structures to this. once in position the structures would be pumped dry. the pylons made to an pressure of 350 tons, would then take the strain.
cables linking the underwater structures to the hotel on shore would connect it with , fresh water, television, and an air pump, and also dispose of sewage. entry would be from underneath, up a ; because of the pressure inside there would be no need of airlocks or doors.
the first structure would include a changing room and a shower area, where the would get out of their gear. there would also be a kitchen and a lavatory. the second structure would contain a dining room/lecture theatre, and sleeping for eight people. the third structure would contain two suites. a would come down with the ten customers, to cook and look after them. television monitors would relay all that went on to the shore so that discussions on the sea bed could be transmitted to all the world.
1. from the passage we understand that tour operators and travelers will be interested in the submerged hotel as _________.
(a) it is a quiet place for research work
(b) it is an ideal sea-food restaurant
(c) it will offer new possibilities
(d) it will have unchanging weather
2. what design was finally considered most suitable for the new hotel?
(a) three separated circles.
(b) three linked discs.
(c) three connected globes.
(d) three interlocked cylinders.
3. the hotel would be able to float under water because it would be _______.
(a) made of light material
(b) 350 tons in weight
(c) filled with air
(d) attached to pylons
4. it is planned that sleeping quarters will be provided for the guests in the ________.
(a) second structure
(b) second and third structures
(c) first and third structures
(d) third structure
5. the purpose of television monitors under the sea would be to relay ________.
(a) instructions from the sea bed to the shore
(b) news from the shore to the sea bed
(c) information from the world to the sea bed
(d) information to the world from the sea bed
for most people, boasting about oneself does not come naturally. it is not easy or comfortable to tell someone all the wonderful things you have . but that is exactly what you need to do if you are seeking a new job, or to hold on to the one you have.
of course, there is a fine line between self-confidence and , so to be successful in over the interviewer you must learn to maximize your accomplishments and attributes without antagonizing the interviewer.
the natural tendency for most job seekers is to behave in a job interview. to do the best job of selling yourself in an interview, you have to be prepared in advance. as part of your job-hunting check list, write down on a piece of paper your major job-related accomplishments. commit them to memory. you will probably be surprised to see in writing all that you have done.
by developing this list, you will have two things: the first is you will impress the interviewer by being able to talk and succinctly about your accomplishments. you will not have to sit uncomfortably while you think of your successes. they will be at the tip of your tongue. secondly, rather than dwell on your own personality characteristics, such as how hardworking or you are, you can discuss hard facts, such as how you saved your employer money or an idea you developed that helped a customer make more money. when ling your accomplishments for the interviewer, take as much credit as you honestly can. if you were a key part behind a major group project, tell the interviewer. if you developed a idea without help from your , it is to say that. remember, you are at that interview to sell yourself, not your former co-workers.
however, never criticize your former employer. sharing your thoughts with the interviewer is an immediate turn-off and will only brand you as a complainer and , whom no one likes or will hire.
keep in mind that the most important part of a job interview is making the employer like you and presenting yourself as the person he or she wants you to be. consciously or not most employers tend to hire people who reflect their own values and standards.
once you get the job you want, boasting about your accomplishments does not stop. although you may think all your successes and achievements are highly visible, remember that you are only one of many people in a company. lack of recognition is cited by a majority of discharged managers as the most frequent complaint against the former employer.
to help make yourself more visible in the company, for additional assignments -both job-related and non-business-related. these could include relations or activities in which your company is involved. these types of activities may enable you to have more time and to top executives of the company to whom you may yourself. you might even have the opportunity to tell them what you are doing for the company, which can never hurt.
6. this article is mostly about how to _________.
(a) interview for a job
(b) please your boss
(c) get along with co-workers
(d) get and keep a job