part c: listening and translation
ⅰ. sentence translation
directions: in this part of the test, you will hear 5 english sentences. you will hear the sentences only once. after you have heard each sentence, it into chinese and write your in the space in your answer booklet.
ⅱ. passage translation
directions: in this part of the test, you hear 2 passages. you will hear the passages only once. after you have heard each passage, it into chinese and write your in the space in your answer booklet. you may take notes while you are listening.
section 2: study skills (50 minutes)
directions: in this section, you will read several passages. each passage is followed by several questions based on its content. you are to choose one best answer, (a), (b),(c) or (d), to each question. answer all the questions following each passage on the basis of what is stated or implied in that passage and write the letter of the answer you have chosen in the space in your answer booklet.
in some rural agricultural societies, the collection of available fuel such as , dung cake, and agricultural waste can take 200 to 300 person-days per year. as well as being time consuming, the patterns of collection lead to deforestation, soil erosion, and ecological imbalances. in the future, experts that even if food supplies are adequate for rural populations, fuel supplies for domestic use may not be.
in the light of such considerations, a team in india has developed a solar oven for home use. the oven is cheaply constructed, easily operated, and extremely energy . the device consists of an inner and outer metal box, a top cover, and two panes of plain glass. the inner box is painted black to absorb solar radiation. the space between the two boxes is filled with an insulating material, such as rice husks, which are easily available and which, because of their high silicon content, neither attract insects nor rot easily. other easily available materials for insulation are ground nutshells or shells. an adjustable mirror mounted on one side of the oven box reflects the sunlight into the interior, boosting the temperatures by 15-30 degrees celsius. this is most useful during the winter when the sun is lower. inside the oven, a temperature between 80 and 120 degrees celsius above ambient temperature can be maintained. this is sufficient to cook food gradually but surely. trials have shown that all food dishes can be prepared in this solar device without loss of taste or nutrition.
1.this passage is mainly about .
(a) deforestation in the rural agricultural societies
(b) use of rice husks as an insulation material
(c) design and use of a solar oven
(d) of temperature in a solar oven
2. all of the following are mentioned as sources of energy of rural agricultural societies except .
(a) (b) dung cake
(c) solar power (d) agricultural waste
3.the word "domestic"(paragraph 1) is closest in meaning to .
(a) industrial (b) agricultural
(c) natural (d) household
4. according to the passage, the use of an adjustable mirror increases the oven temperature by .
(a) 80-120 degrees celsius (b) at least 80 degrees celsius
(c) up to 30 degrees celsius (d) up to 15 degrees celsius
5.according to the passage, the adjustable mirror is most useful .
(a) at midday (b) when it is cold
(c) when is lacking (d) in improving taste and nutrition
there must be few questions on which responsible opinion is so utterly divided as on that of how much sleep we ought to have. there are some who think we can leave body to these matters for itself. "the answer is easy," says dr.. a. burton. "with the right amount of sleep you should wake up fresh and alert five minutes before the alarm rings." if he is right many people must be under sleeping, including myself. but we must remember that some people have a grater inertia than others. this is not meant . they on slowly, and they are to off. they are alert at and when it is time to get up, and this many have nothing to do with how fatigued their bodies are, or how much sleep they must take to lose their fatigue.
other people feel sure that the present trend is towards too little sleep. to quote one medical opinion, "thousands of people drift through life suffering from the effects of too little sleep; the reason is not that can't sleep. like advancing colonists, we do seem to be grasping ever more of the land of sleep for our waking needs, pushing the boundary back and reaching, , for a point in our where we will sleep no more. this in itself, of course, need not be a bad thing. what could be , however, is that we should press to quickly towards this goal, sacrificing sleep only to gain more time in which to jeopardize our civilization by actions and decisions made weak by fatigue."
then, to complete the picture, there are those who believe that more people are persuaded to sleep too much. dr h. roberts, writing in every man in, asserts: "it may safely be stated that, just as the majority eat too much, so the majority sleep too much." one can see the point of this also. it would be a pity to our development by back those people who are enough to work and play well less than the average amount of sleep, if indeed it does them no harm. if one of the trends of s is that more of the life span is to be spent in gainful waking activity, then surely these people are in the van of this advance.
6.the author seems to indicate that .
(a) there are many controversial issues like the right amount of sleep
(b) among many issues the right amount of sleep is the least controversial
(c) the right amount of sleep is topic of much among doctors
(d) people are now moving towards solving many controversial issues sleep
7.according to the author, sleeping habits .
(a) are to the amount of sleep
(b) are inherited from the parents
(c) vary from person to person
(d) would not change in one's lifetime
8.the world "jeopardize" (paragraph 2) is closest in meaning to .
(a) endeavor (b)
(c) endorse (d) endow
9. in the last paragraph the author points out that .
(a) sleeping less is good for human health
(b) people ought to be persuaded to sleep less than before
(c) it is to say that people too little
(d) those who can sleep less should be encouraged
10. we learn from the passage that the author .
(a) revises someone else's opinion
(b) explains an opinion of his own
(c) favors one of the three opinions
(d) comments on three different opinions