section one: listening comprehension

1. (a) he can have more than four guests at his
(b) his brother isn't going to graduate this
(c) he didn't know that jane wanted to be
(d) he's going to invite jane.

2. (a) listen to the traffic report on the radio
(b) take a later train.
(c) ron to catch the next train.
(d) check the .

3. (a) pelivet the to kathy.
(b) pind out where kathy put the .
(c) ask kathy to explain the chemistry notes.
(d) ask kathy for the man's .

4. (a) the walk is shorter than the woman thinks it
(b) the lecture has already started.
(c) they won't have a problem getting seats.
(d) the lecture may be canceled.

5. (a) the woman should have french in
(b) he didn't study french in high school.
(c) living in paris helped improve the woman's
language skills.
(d) the woman must have had a good french

6. (a) apologize to his roommate.
(b) give the notes to the woman.
(c) call the woman tonight.
(d) take the woman's notes to his roommate.

7. (a) she doesn't have time to talk to dr. foster.
(b) she needs the additional time to finish her
(c) dr. foster hasn't finished grading the
(d) she wants the man to help her with her

8. (a) phone the cliffside inn for a .
(b) ask her parents to come a different
(c) call local hotels again in a few days.
(d) find a hotel again in a few days.

9. (a) main her some in about the
(b) drive her to the conference.
(c) attend the conference in her place.
(d) collect her main while she's at the

10. (a)the man should stop by the bookstore on
the way to class.
(b) the man can return the books he doesn't
(c) the man should have bought his books
(d) the man won't need books on the first day
of class.

11. (a) help the man with his essay.
(b) ask sue to rehearse with her.
(c) wait to rehearse until the man has finished
his essay.
(d) meinerize her lines by herself.

12. (a) show her the newspaper that he's talking
(b) think about getting an internship at
another place.
(c) sign up for more than one class.
(d) call the times about the internship.

13. (a)he isn't as good a player as he used
to be.
(b) he hasn't had time to play recently.
(c) he caught a cold shortly after the
(d) he think he's more important than he is.

14. (a)he'll graduate before the woman.
(b) he hopes to graduate before the summer.
(c) he doesn't want to attend school
(d) the woman won't be able to keep up the

15. (a) it's too late to buy the morning newspaper.
(b) he doesn't want to go to the concert.
(c) the box office is closed today.
(d) all of the tickets have been sold.

16. (a) the woman swims as well as he does.
(b) he doesn't have time to teach the woman
to swim.
(c) he doesn't enjoy swimming.
(d) he to swim at a young age.

17. (a) she has already started working on her
research project.
(b) she can't decide on a research topic.
(c) she'd like to discuss her research with the
(d) she has to change the subject of her

18. (a) introduce the woman to his neighbor.
(b) get a key from his neighbor.
(c) study in his neighbor's apartment.
(d) borrow some books from his neighbor.

19. (a) the man shouldn't hire the same tutor that
she had.
(b) she isn't prepared for the midterm exam
(c) it's too late to find a tutor.
(d) the man should hire a tutor before the
midterm exam

20. (a) stay in the hotel for at least two nights.
(b) leave the hotel the next morning.
(c) ask the hotel clerk for her room key.
(d) complain to the manager about the extra

21. (a) he doesn't recommend going to central
(b) he doesn't plan to go skiing during spring
(c) he has never been to central mountain.
(d) he isn't an skier.

22. (a) she knows who the top history student is.
(b) she hasn't read the campus newspaper
(c) the man is .
(d) it's surprising that her roommate likes

23. (a) he's not qualified to proofread the
woman's report.
(b) he'll be able to talk to the woman in a few
(c) he hadn't noticed a lot of the woman's
(d) he thinks the woman should have asked
him sooner.

24. (a) practice her in front of him.
(b) find out who her audience will be
(c) try not to think about her audience.
(d) watch him make his .

25. (a) she's also curious about who won the
(b) she didn't go to the game.
(c) she was sitting right behind the man at the
(d) she also left the game early.

26. (a) make a shopping list.
(b) buy some groceries.
(c) finish making the salad.
(d) wait for the woman to return.

27. (a) he finds the dictionary very useful.
(b) he knows where the woman put the
(c) he doesn't expect the woman to replace the
(d) the woman should buy her own dictionary.

28. (a) she plans to miss soccer practice.
(b) she'll arrive at the party after
(c) soccer practice will end later than usual.
(d) she'll go to soccer practice after the party.

29. (a) dr. smith told her something important.
(b) dr. smith didn't understand what she said.
(c) she wanted to protect dr. smith's feelings.
(d) she didn't intend to say what she said.

30. (a) he sells paint supplies.
(b) he plans to take an art class with the
(c) he works as an artist.
(d)he works in an art museum.

31. (a) the cost of meals in the cafeteria.
(b) the size of the cafeteria.
(c) career opportunities in cafeterias.
(d) the food served in the cafeteria.
32. (a) giving advice on .
(b) cooking food for the students.
(c) listening to complaints about service.
(d) serving food to the students.

33. (a) find other students who will work in the
(b) collect students' opinions about meals.
(c) as students to try a new dish he has made.
(d) teach students about the disadvantages of
frying food.

34. (a) stop serving hamburgers and fried
(b) use less sauce on the food.
(c) make some of the meals less fattening.
(d) buy less expensive food.

35. (a) somewhat curious.
(b) very skeptical.
(c) quite irritated.
(d) not at all interested.

36. (a) that he'll be performing in a concert.
(b) that he had a conversation with the
director of a choir.
(c) that he heard a new musical composition
by barbara johnson.
(d) that he's been translating some latin
poems for a class.

37. (a) they're members of the latin club on
(b) they work as editors.
(c) they attended the same concert.
(d) music is their major field of study.

38. (a) she was upset.
(b) she was confused.
(c) she was amused.
(d) she was grateful.
39. (a) some photographs that he took of her
during the concert.
(b) a tape recording that he made of the
(c) a review of the concert that he wrote for
the campus paper.
(d) the corrected text from the program of the

40. (a) the skills cowboys on the range.
(b) the of rodeos.
(c) the recent decline in the of
(d) the growth of the cattle industry.

41. (a) they were small events.
(b) competitors were awarded large prizes.
(c) large audiences attended them.
(d) there were standard rules for judging

42. (a) it is the only traveling rodeo.
(b) it is the largest agricultural fair.
(c) it is the oldest annual rodeo.
(d) it was the first rodeo to charge admission.

43. (a) how animals react to frightening
(b) why mice are particularly fearful animals.
(c) whether fearfulness is a genetic trait.
(d) why certain animals are feared by humans.

44. (a) they fought with the other mice.
(b) they stayed close to their mothers.
(c) they ran back and forth constantly.
(d) they remained close to one wall.

45. (a) the extent of damage to the nervous
(b) the presence or absence of certain
nerve-cell receptors.
(c) the size of nerve-cell receptors in the
(d) the level of danger in the mammal's

46. (a) to show the between
fearfulness and .
(b) to give examples of animals that aren't
(c) to compare fear in mammals to fear in
other animals.
(d) to identify the nerves that control fear in
certain animals.

47. (a) why water flows from artesian springs.
(b) how artesian wells are drilled.
(c) why artesian springs are important to
geologic research.
(d) how aquifers are formed.

48. (a)they pump water from the aquifer.
(b) they the water in the aquifer.
(c) they store excess water from the aquifer.
(d) they trap water in the aquifer.

49. (a)by eroding layers of sediment above it.
(b) by traveling through cracks in layers of
(c) by reversing its flow down the aquicludes.
(d) by boiling up through pores in the aquifer.

50. (a) it pushes the water upward.
(b) it keeps the water cool.
(c) it holds the water .
(d) it creates holes in the aquiclude.

section two: structure and written expression

1. a three-foot octopus can crawl through a hole
------ in .
(a) than one inch less
(b) less than one inch
(c) one less inch than
(d) tan less one inch

2. ------adopted the decimal system of in
(a) canada
(b) when canada
(c) canada, which
(d) there was canada

3. generally, the representatives ------ a legislature
are constitutionally elected by a broad spectrum
of the population.
(a) who they compose
(b) who compose
(c) ad compose
(d) compose

4. the actor's studio, a professional actors'
workshop in new york city, provides
------where actors can work together without the
pressure of commercial production.
(a) a place and
(b) a place
(c) so that a place
(d) a place is

5. ------ that life began s of years ago in the
(a) it is believed
(b) in the belief
(c) the belief
(d) believing

6. by 1872 the united states had 70 engineering
colleges, ------ credited
largely to the morrill act of 1862.
(a) because
(b) an
(c) to which
(d) was

7. the artist romare bcarden was ------ whose
yellows, deep blues, and fuchsias contrasted
strongly with gray in his bright
(a) with a gift for color
(b) a colorist
(c) a gift with colorful
(d) with coloring

8. the most important chemical catalyst on this
planet is chlorophyll, -------carbon and water react to form carbohydrates.
(a) whose presence
(b) which is present
(c) presenting
(d) in the presence of which

9. one theory of the origin of the is
-------from the of a tiny, extremely
dense fireball several years ago.
(a) because what formed
(b) the that
(c) that it formed
(d) when forming

10. roads in the united states remained crude,
------- with graved or wood planks, until the
beginning of the twentieth century.
(a) were unsurefaced or they covered them
(b) which unsureface or covered
(c) unsurfaced or covered them
(d) unsurfaced or covered
11. prints were the first reproductions of
american paintings ------- widely distributed in
the united states.
(a) were
(b) that which
(c) that being
(d) to be

12. abigail adams was letter writer,
------- many editions of her letters have been
(a) who
(b) and
(c) in addition to
(d) due to

13. in geometry, an ellipse may be d as
the locus of all points -------distances from
two fixed points is constant.
(a) which as the sum of
(b) of the sum which
(c) whose sum of whose
(d) whose sum that the

14. -------at the site of a fort establis hed by the
northwest mounted police, calgary is now one
of canada's fastest growing cities.
(a) built
(b) it is built
(c) to build
(d) having built

15. an image on a national flag can symbolize
political ideals that -------express.
(a) take many words to otherwise would.
(b) would take to many otherwise words
(c) many words to take would otherwise
(d) would otherwise take many words to

16. a of collodion photography was the tintype, which captured images on a black or dark
a b c
brown metal plate instead from on glass.
17. in cases of minor injury to the brain. amnesia is likely to be a condition.
a b c d
18. the system of chemical symbols, first devised about 1800. gives a and instantly recognizable
a b
description of a element or compound.
c d
19. the fact that white light is light of various wavelengths may be demonstrating by
a b c
dispersing a beam of such light through a prism.
20. over the course of history, much civilizations developed their own number systems.
a b c d
21. in the united states during the second world war, each trade unions and employers avoided federal
a b
limits on wages by employees nontaxable medical benefits.
c d
22. philosophy is the study of the nature of reality, knowledge, existent, and by means of rational
a b c d
23. poems vary in length from brief lyric poems to or epic poems, which can be as broad in
a b c
scope than a novel.
24. the population of california more than doubled during the period 1940-1960, creating problems in
a b
road-building and provide water for its arid southern section.
c d
25. although based it on models, the colony of pennsylvania developed a for a
a b c
progressive political and social .
26. hard and resistant to corrosion, is ly used in bell casting and is the material used
a b
widely most for metal .
c d
27. the appalachian mountains a natural between the eastern seaboard and the vast
a b
lowlands of the interior of north america.
c d
28. the united states for 1970 showed that the french-speaking residents of louisiana were one
a b c
of the country's most regional .
29. when used as food additives, antioxidants prevent fats and oils from become rancid when exposed
a b c
to air, and thus extend their shelf life.
31. copper was the first used by humans and is second only to iron in its through
a b c
the ages.
32. despite the fact that lemurs are general nocturnal, the ring-tailed lemur travels by day in bands of
a b c
four to twelve individuals.
33. the western world is beset with the range of problem that , postindustrial
a b c
34. acrylic paints are either using a knife or diluted and spreading with a paintbrush.
a b c d
35. some invertebrates, such as the sea and the starfish, migrates from deep water to
a b
shallow during spring and early summer to spawn.
c d
36. marshes, wetland areas d by plant growth, are from swamps,
a b c
wetlands where trees grown.
37. wampum, beads used as a form of exchange by some native americans, was made of bits of
a b c
seashells cut, drill, and strung into belts.
38. kangaroos use their long and powerful tails for balance themselves when sitting or
a b c d
39. proper city planning provides for the distribution of public utilities, public buildings, parks, and
a b
centers, and for adequate and the housing.
c d
40. most dances are made up of a prearranged series of steps and movements, but modern
a b
dancers are generally free to move as they choice.
c d

section three: reading comprehension
questions 1-9
in 1972, a century after the first national park in the united states was established at
yellowstone, legislation was passed to create the national marine sanctuaries program.
the intent of this legislation was to provide protection to selected coastal habitats similar
to that existing for land areas designated as national parks. the designation of an areas
5) a indicates that it is a protected area, just as a national park is. people
are permitted to visit and observe there, but living organisms and their s may
not be harmed or removed.
the national marine sanctuaries program is administered by the national oceanic
and atmospheric administration, a branch of the united states department of commerce.
10) initially, 70 sites were proposed as candidates for . two and a half decades
later, only fifteen sanctuaries had been designated, with half of these established after
1978. they range in size from the very small (less than i square kilometer) fagatele bay
national marine sanctuary in american samoa to the monterey bay national marine
sanctuary in california, extending over 15,744 square kilometers.
15) the national marine sanctuaries program is a crucial part of new management
practices in which whole communities of , and not just individual , are
offered some degree of protection from habitat and overexploitation. only
in this way can a reasonable degree of be maintained in a
that also maintains the natural inters that exist among these .
20) several other types of protected areas exist in the united states and other
countries. the national estuarine research reserve system, managed by the united
states government, includes 23 designated and protected estuaries. outside the united
states, protected-area programs exist as parks, reserves, and preserves.
over 100 designated areas exist around the periphery of the carbbean sea. others range
25) from the well-known australian great barrer reef marine park to lesser-known parks
in countries such as thailand and indonesia, where tourism is placing growing pressures
on coral reef systems. as state, national, and international agencies come to
recognize the importance of conserving bio, projected areas.
whether as sanctuaries, parks, or estuarine reserves, will play an important
role in preserving that .

1. what does the passage mainly discuss?
(a) differences among parks,
sanctuaries, and reserves
(b) various programs
(c) international agreements on coastal
(d) similarities between land and sea protected

2. the word "intent" in line 3 is closest in meaning
(c) goal
3. the word "administered" in line 8 is closest in
meaning to
(a) managed
(b) recognized
(c) opposed
(d) justified

4. the word "these" in line 11 refers to
(a) sites
(b) candidates
(c) decades
(d) sanctuaries

5. the passage mentions the monterey bay
national marine sanctuary (lines 13-14) as an
example of a that
(a) is not well know
(b) covers a large area
(c) is smaller than the fagatele bay national
marine sanctuary
(d) was not proposed for

6. according to the passage, when was the
national marine sanctuaries program