1. mr. janeck: i don't believe stevenson will win the election for governor. few voters are willing to elect a businessman with no political experience to such a responsible public office.

ms. siuzdak: you're wrong. the experience of running a major corporation is a valuable preparation for the task of running a state government.

m. siuzdak's shows that she has interpreted mr. janeck's remark to imply which of the following?

(a) mr. janeck considers stevenson unqualified for the office of governor.

(b) no candidate without political experience has ever been elected governor of a state.

(c) mr. janeck believes that political and business are closely analogous.

(d) a career spent in the pursuit of profit can be an to one's ability to run a state government fairly.

(e) voters generally overestimate the value of political experience when selecting a candidate.

2. which of the following best completes the passage below?

one tax-reform proposal that has gained increasing support in recent years is the flat tax, which would impose a uniform tax rate on incomes at every level. opponents of the flat tax say that a tax system, which levies a higher rate of taxes on higher-income s, is fairer, placing the greater burden on those better able to bear it. however, the present crazy quilt of tax deductions, exemptions, credits, and loopholes benefits the high-income , who is able to reduce his or her effective tax rate, often to a level below that paid by the lower-income . therefore, ______

(a) higher-income s are likely to lend their support to the flat-tax proposal now being considered by congress

(b) a flat-tax system that allowed no deductions or exemptions would increase actual government revenues

(c) the lower-income might well be penalized by the institution of a flat-tax system in this country

(d) the nature of our present tax system is more illusory than real

(e) the flat tax would actually be fairer to the lower-income than any tax system could be

3. as part of our program to halt the influx of immigrants, the administration is proposing the creation of a national card. the card would be available only to u.s. citizens and to registered aliens, and all persons would be required to produce the card before they could be given a job. of course, such a system holds the , however slight, for the abuse of civil liberties. therefore, all personal information gathered through this system would be held , to be released only by authorized under circumstances. those who are in compliance with u.s. laws would have nothing to fear from the card system.

in evaluating the above proposal, a person about the of information would be most interested in having the author clarify the meaning of which of the following phrases?

(a) "all persons" (line 5)

(b) "however slight" (line 7)

(c) "civil liberties" (line 8)

(d) " circumstances" (line 11)

(e) "u.s. laws" (line 2)

4. at one time, european and japanese companies tried to their american rivals. today, american manufacturers import european scientists to lead their research staffs; american automakers design cars that mimic the styling of german, italian, and french imports; and american electronics firms boast in their advertising of "japanese-style" devotion to quality and reliability. in the world of high technology, america has lost the battle for international .

each of the following statements, if true, would help to support the claim above except:

(a) an american camera company claims in its promotional literature to produce cameras "as fine as the best swiss imports."

(b) an american maker of stereo components designs its products to resemble those of a popular japanese firm.

(c) an american manufacturer of video games uses a brand name chosen because it sounds like a japanese word.

(d) an american maker of televisions studies german-made televisions in order to adopt german manufacturing techniques.

(e) an american maker of frozen foods advertises its dinners as "real european-style entrees prepared by fine french and italian chefs."
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