§ lesson 11 not guilty 无罪

【new words and expressions】 生词和短语

◆guilty adj. 犯罪的,违法的

◆ adj. 宽容的

◆declare v. 申报

◆hardened adj. 有经验的

◆professional adj. 职业的,专业的

◆smuggler n. 走私者

◆officious adj. 爱管闲事的

◆confidently adj. 自信地

◆dreadful adj. 可怕的,一团糟的

◆ v. 猛抓, 扑住

◆perfume n. 香水

◆sarcastically adv. 讽刺地

◆ adj. 被免除的

◆duty n. 税

◆gel n. 凝胶

◆mixture n. 混合物

◆unscrew v. 拧开

◆nostril n. 鼻孔

◆chalk n. 粉笔

◆ n. 行李

★guilty adj. 犯罪的,违法的

he felt guilty when he did what he shouldn't have done.

he said that with a guilty smile.

guilt n.

guiltily a.

反义词: innocent, n.

★ adj. 宽容的

a person must be easy going.

ly ad.

tolerance n.

tolerate vt.

tolerable adj. 可以忍受的,说得过去的

★declare v. 申报

★hardened adj. 有经验的


a hardened player

a hardened thief


an teacher

★professional adj. 职业的,专业的

a professional player 选手

★smuggler n. 走私者

★officious adj. 爱管闲事的

a lot of old ladies are officious.

officiously adv.

officiousness n.

officious civil servant 好管闲事的公务员

an officious police officer

official 官方的,官员的,正式的

an official inquiry will be made into this matter. 对此事将进行一次官方调查

★confidently adj. 自信地

he went to do the work confidently.

= with confidence 充满信心的

confident adj.

confidence n.

have confidence 有信心

gain confidence 获得信心

in confidence 悄悄的,秘密的 =

take sb. into one's confidence 以某人为心腹

eg: the boss take his secretary into his confidence.

★dreadful adj. 可怕的,一团糟的

= (表示胆怯的,恐惧的)

dreadful (侧重于可怕的,乱七八糟的)

★ v. 猛抓, 扑住

★perfume n. 香水

fragrance:(抽象名词) 芬芳,芳香

★sarcastically adv. 讽刺地

★ adj. 被免除的

★duty n. 税

customs duty:关税

stamp duty 印花税

duty free 免税的

同义词 tax income tax 所得税

★gel n. 凝胶

★mixture n. 混合物

mix v. mix sth. with

★unscrew v. 拧开

★nostril n. 鼻孔

★chalk n. 粉笔

★ n. 行李



§ lesson 11 not guilty 无罪

q: what was the customs officer looking for?

customs officers are quite these days, but they can still stop you when you are going through the green channel and have nothing to declae. even really honest people are often made to feel guilty. the hardened professional smuggler, on the other hand, is never troubled by such feelings, even if he has five hundred gold watches hidden in his . when i returned from abroad recently, a particularly officious young customs officer clearly regarded me as a smuggler.

'have you anything to declare?' he asked, looking me in the eye.

'no,' i answered confidently.

'would you mind ing this please ?'

'not at all,' i answered.

the officer went through the case with great care. all the things i had packed so carefully were soon in a dreadful mess. i felt sure i would never be able to close the case again. suddenly, i saw the officer's face light up. he had spotted a tiny bottle at the bottom of my case and he d on it with delight.

'perfume, eh?' he asked sarcastically. 'you should have declared that. ' perfume is not from import duty.'

'but it isn't perfume,' i said.' it's hair-oil.' then i added with a smile,' it's a strange mixture i make myself.'

as i expected, he did not believe me.

'try it!' i said encouragingly.

the officer unscrewed the cap and put the bottle to his nostrils. he was greeted by an smell which convinced him that i was telling the truth. a few minutes later, i was able to hurry away with precious chalk-marks on my .




表示"真正的" really

a really officious person

强调"特别,尤其是" particularly

强调"绝对的" absolutely

强调"完全的,彻底的" completely, entirely, fully, thoroughly


very ----语气程度强烈"非常"

rather----语意程度接近fairly, 注意修饰形容词和副词,特别是形容词同时修饰名词时,不定冠词的位置。

a fairly good book.

a rather good book / rather a good book

rather too

quite---- ~ right / wrong / / sure 绝对不能用very替代。

even really honest people...

a particularly officious young customs officer...

the green channel = the custom office

are made to feel guilty

madk, have, let 及感官性动词see, hear, notice, feel 用于主动语态,符合宾语不定式的to符号应该省略。但这种结构改成被动式时,不定式符号必须还原。

we heard someone come up the stairs.

someone was heard to come up the stairs.

(on the one hand..., ) on the other hand

on the one hand we could stay and help you, but on the other hand it might be better if you went to help him instead.

hidden in his


even if / though he has five hundred gold watches hidden in his .

looking me in the eye: 两眼直盯盯的注视着我

look sb. in the face, stare sb. in the eye = look directly at sb.

not one of the men dared look him in the eye.

'would you mind ing this please ?'

the officer went through the case with great care. = the officer examined the case carefully.

with great care----强调相当的仔细

in a mess:乱作一团

介词in 和名词搭配,表示一种状态

秩序井然: in good order

身体健康: in good health

心情好: in a good mood

脾气好: in a good temper

light up:喜气洋洋,容光焕发

eg: masha's face lit up when she saw her old friend.

his face lighted up at the small triumph.

tom really lighted up when he saw the new biccycle.

light有两种过去分词,过去式形式:lit, lighted


一只被点燃的雪茄:a lighted cigar

点燃的火炬: a lighted stick.

介词短语--with delight "欣喜若狂的"


自信地: with confidence

细心地: with care

骄傲的: with pride

欣喜若狂的:with delight

惊讶的: with surprise


eg: the policeman d on the thief.

don't on my mistake.

should have 和过去分词搭配,表示本应该做某事却没有做,具有谴责性的味道。

you should have arrived here five minutes earlier.

you should have told me about it.

本不应该做某事:shouldn't have done

:免除的,被免除的 be ~ from

drinks are not from import duty.

as----关系代词, 引导非限制性。他所指代的内容就是主句的整个句子的含义。

as we know, the earth is round. (众所周知)

as brian pointed out, ...(正如...所指出的)

正如我很快得知的:as sb. mentioned

关系代词as 和which的区别:

as 所引导 的非限制性,可用在主句之前

which 引导的非限制性,只能用在主句之后。


he was greeted by an smell...

greet:问候,向...致意;觉察到, 呈现在...眼前,在...耳边

i woke up and was greeted by a bird's song.

inside the room adreadful mess greeted us.

when he went into the kitchen, a smell greeted him.


【multiple choice questions】


1 what makes really honest peole feel guilty when going through customs?

a. having five hunred gold watches hidden in their s.

b. the particularly officious way customs officers always ask questions.

c. the fact that they are treatedas smugglers.

d. carrying things which are not from imart duty.

1. c

2 what madethe customs officer's face light up?

a. knowing ow difficult it would be for the writer to close si case.

b. seeing the bottle of hair gel which he could charge duty on.

c. the idea of having found something which should have been declared.

d. discovering an unopened bottle of erfume at the bottom of the case.

what---- 名词

2. c

3 the writer was in a hurry to get away because _____ .

a. he had grown at having taken so long to get through customs

b. he was anxious to get away from the unleasant smell

c. he was afraid he might still be stopped for smuggling

d. he was to escape with precious chalk marks

3. a


4 the customs offficer asked him _____ he had anything to declare. )l.9)

a. that b. what c. for d. whether

4. d

5 'have you anything to declare?' he asked, looking _____ .(l.9)

a. direct to me b. me directly c. directly at me d. in my direction

look him in the eye / face = liik directly at him

5. c

6 'would you _____ please? (l.11)

a. kindly this b. kindly unlick this

c. this kindly d. be kind to this

would you kindly do sth. please?

6. b

7 he told him he _____ it. (l.16)

a. ought to have declared b. must hsve declared c. had to declare d. neededto declare

7. a

8 _____ the cap, the officer put the bottle to his nostrils. (l.22)

a. having unscrewed b. unscrewed c. being unscrewed d. with unscewed

8. a

having finished his homework, he went to bed.


9 customs officers are quite these days. they are _____ . (l.1)

a. tolerable b. c. easy-going d. negligent

tolerable 能忍耐的,可忍受的 平静的 tolerable 宽容的,好相处的 negligent 疏忽的

9. c

10 a hardened professional smuggler feels _____ his behaviour. )ll.4-5)

a. unashamed of b. unwronged by c. unshocked by d. of

10. a

feel ashamed of 为... 感到羞愧

gultless of 无辜的

★11 as i expected, he was _____ . (l.20)

a. incomprehensible b. c. d. sceptical

incomprehensible = unable to be understood

the article is full of incomprehensible expressions.

= unbelievable 难以置信的

what you said is .


skeptical = to believe 不愿意想念的,持怀疑态度的

11. d

12 i was able to hurry away with recious chalk marks on my _____ . (ll.23-24_

a. hangbags b. c. d. equipment


12. b
  • [´tɔlərənt] 移动到这儿单词发声 a.宽容的,宽大的 六级词汇
  • [ik´spiəriənst] 移动到这儿单词发声 a.有经验的;熟练的 四级词汇
  • [´su:tkeis, ´sju:t] 移动到这儿单词发声 n.手提箱 六级词汇
  • [ig´zempt] 移动到这儿单词发声 vt.免除 a.免除的 四级词汇
  • [pauns] 移动到这儿单词发声 n.突然袭击;攻击 六级词汇
  • [´traiiŋ] 移动到这儿单词发声 a.难堪的;费劲的 四级词汇
  • [ʌn´lɔk] 移动到这儿单词发声 vt.开锁;开启;池露 四级词汇
  • [´plæsid] 移动到这儿单词发声 a.平静的;温和的 四级词汇
  • [´giltlis] 移动到这儿单词发声 a.无罪的;不熟悉...的 六级词汇
  • [in´kredjuləs] 移动到这儿单词发声 a.不(轻易)相信的 六级词汇
  • [ʌn´wiliŋ] 移动到这儿单词发声 a.不愿意的;不情愿的 四级词汇
  • [,keismənt] 移动到这儿单词发声 n.窗扉 四级词汇