鲁宾逊漂流记 chapter 3 a-ag真人试玩平台

when i was deliver'd and taken up at sea by the portugal captain, well us'd, and dealt and honourably with, as well as charitably, i had not the least thankfulness on my thoughts: when again i was 'd, ruin'd, and in danger of drowning on this island, i was as far from remorse, or looking on it as a judgment; i only said to my self often, that i was an unfortunate dog, and born to be always miserable. it is true, when i got on shore first here, and found all my ship's crew drown'd, and my self spar'd, i was surpriz'd with a kind of extasie, and some transports of soul, which, had the grace of god assisted, might have come up to true thankfulness; but it ended where it begun, in a meer common flight of joy, or as i may say, being glad i was alive, without the least reflection upon the distinguishing goodness of the hand which had preserv'd me, and had singled me out to be preserv'd, when all the rest were destroy'd; or an enquiry why providence had been thus to me; even just the same common sort of joy which seamen generally have after they are got safe ashore from a shipwreck, which they drown all in the next bowl of punch, and forget earted in the sense of my miserable condition; dreading the return of my distemper the next day; at night i made my supper of three of the turtle's eggs, which i roasted in the ashes, and eat, as we call it, in the shell; and this was the first bit of meat i had ever ask'd god's blessing to, even as i cou'd remember, in my whole life.

after i had eaten, i try'd to walk, but found my self so weak, that i cou'd hardly carry the gun, (for i never went out without that) so i went but a little way, and sat down upon the ground, looking out upon the sea, which was just before me, and very calm and smooth: as i sat here, some such thoughts as these occurred to me.

what is this earth and sea of which i have seen so much, is it produc'd, and what am i, and all the other creatures, wild and tame, and , are we?

sure we are all made by some secret power, who form'd the earth and sea, the air and skyd?b àmov'd, all the impression which was rais'd from it, wore off also, as i have noted already.

even the earthquake, tho' nothing could be more terrible in its nature, or more immediately directing to the invisible power which alone directs such things, yet no sooner was the first fright over, but the impression it had made went off also. i had no more sense of god or his judgments, much less of the present affliction of my circumstances being from his hand, than if i had been in the most prosperous condition of life.

but now when i began to be sick, and a ly" title="a.从容地,慢慢地">ly view of the miseries of death came to place itself before me; when my spirits began to sink under the burthen of a strong distemper, and nature was exhausted with the violence of the feaver; conscience that had slept so long, begun to awake, and i began to my self with my past life, in which i had so evidently, by wickedness, provok'd the justice of god to lay me under strokes, and to deal with me in so vindictive a manner.

these reflections oppress'd me for the second or third day of my distemper, and in the violence, as well of the feaver, as of the dreadful reproaches of my conscience, extorted some words from me, like praying to god, tho' i cannot say they were either a prayer attended with desires or with hopes; it was rather the voice of meer fright and distress; my thoughts were confus'd, the convictions great upon my mind, and the horror of dying in such a miserable condition rais'd vapours into my head with the meer apprehensions; and in these hurries of my soul, i know not what my tongue might express: but it was rather exclamation, such as, lord! what a miserable creature am i? if i should be sick, i shall certainly die for want of help, and what will become of me! then the tears burst out of my eyes, and i could say no more for a good while.

in this interval, the good advice of my father came to my mind, and presently his prediction which i mention'd at the beginning of this story, viz. that if i did take this foolish step, god would not bless me, and i would have leisure to reflect upon having neglected his counsel, when there might be none to assist in my recovery. now, said i aloud, my dear father's words are come to pass: god's justice has overtaken me, and i have none to help or hear me: i rejected the voice of providence, which had ly put me in a posture or station of life, i might have been happy and easy; but i would neither see it my self, or learn to know the blessing of it from my parents; i left them to mourn over my folly, and now i am left to mourn under the consequences of it: i refus'd their help and assistance who wou'd have lifted me into the world, and wou'd have made every thing easy to me, and now i have difficulties to struggle with, too great for even nature itself to support, and no assistance, no help, no comfort, no advice; then i cry'd out, lord be my help, for i am in great distress.

this was the first prayer, if i may call it so, that i had made for many years: but 1 return to my journal.

june 28. having been somewhat 'd with the sleep i had had, and the fit being entirely off, i got up; and tho' the fright and terror of my dream was very great, yet i consider'd, that the fit of the ague wou'd return again the next day, and now was my time to get something to and support my self when i should be ill; and the first thing i did, i fill'd a large square case bottle with water, and set it upon my table, in reach of my bed; and to take off the chill or aguish disposition of the water, i put about a quarter of a pint of rum into it, and mix'd them together; then i got me a piece of the goat's flesh, and broil'd it on the coals, but could eat very little; i walk'd about, but was very weak, and very sad and heavy-hearted in the sense of my miserable condition; dreading the return of my distemper the next day; at night i made my supper of three of the turtle's eggs, which i roasted in the ashes, and eat, as we call it, in the shell; and this was the first bit of meat i had ever ask'd god's blessing to, even as i cou'd remember, in my whole life.

after i had eaten, i try'd to walk, but found my self so weak, that i cou'd hardly carry the gun, (for i never went out without that) so i went but a little way, and sat down upon the ground, looking out upon the sea, which was just before me, and very calm and smooth: as i sat here, some such thoughts as these occurred to me.

what is this earth and sea of which i have seen so much, is it produc'd, and what am i, and all the other creatures, wild and tame, and , are we?

sure we are all made by some secret power, who form'd the earth and sea, the air and sky; and who is that?

then it follow'd most naturally, it is god that has made it all: well, but then it came on strangely, if god has made all these things, he guides and governs them all, and all things that concern them; for the power that could make all things, must certainly have power to guide and direct them.

if so, nothing can happen in the great circuit of his works, either without his knowledge or appointment.

and if nothing happens without his knowledge, he knows that i am here, and am in this dreadful condition; and if nothing happens without his appointment, he has appointed all this to befal me.

nothing occurr'd to my thought to any of these conclusions; and therefore it rested upon me with the greater force, that it must needs be, that god had appointed all this to befal me; that i was brought to this miserable circumstance by his direction, he having the sole power, not of me only, but of every thing that happen'd in the world. immediately it follow'd,

why has god done this to me? what have i done to be thus us'd?

my conscience presently check'd me in that enquiry, as if i had blasphem'd, and it spoke to me like a voice; wretch! dost thou ask what thou hast done! look back upon a dreadful mis-spent life, and ask thy self what thou hast not done? ask, why is it that thou wert not long ago destroy'd? why wert thou not drown'd in yarmouth roads? kill'd in the fight when the ship was taken by the sallee man of war? devour'd by the wild beasts on the coast of africa? or, drown'd here, when all the crew perish'd but thy self? dost thou ask, what have i done?

i was struck dumb with these reflections, as one astonish'd, and had not a word to say, no not to answer to my self, but rise up and sad, walk'd back to my retreat, and went up over my wall, as if i had been going to bed, but my thoughts were sadly disturb'd, and i had no inclination to sleep; so i sat down in my chair, and lighted my lamp, for it began to be dark: now as the apprehension of the return of my distemper terrify'd me very much, it occurr'd to my thought, that the brasilians take no physick but their tobacco, for almost all distempers; and i had a piece of a roll of tobacco in one of the chests, which was quite cur'd, and some also that was green and not quite cur'd.

i went, directed by heaven no doubt; for in this chest i found a cure, both for soul and body, i open'd the chest, and found what i look'd for, viz. the tobacco; and as the few books, i had sav'd, lay there too, i took out one of the bibles which i mention'd before, and which to this time i had not found leisure, or so much as inclination to look into; i say, i took it out, and brought both that and the tobacco with me to the table.

what use to make of the tobacco, i knew not, as to my distemper, or whether it was good for it or no; but i try'd several experiments with it, as if i was resolv'd it should hit one way or other: i first took a piece of a leaf, and chew'd it in my mouth, which indeed at first almost stupify'd my brain, the tobacco being green and strong, and that i had not been much us'd to it; then i took some and steeped it an hour or two in some rum, and resolv'd to take a dose of it when i lay down; and , i burnt some upon a pan of coals, and held my nose close over the smoke of it as long as i could bear it, as well for the heat as almost for suffocation.

in the interval of this operation, i took up the bible and began to read, but my head was too much disturb'd with the tobacco to bear reading, at least that time; only having open'd the book casually, the first words that occurr'd to me were these, call on me in the day of trouble, and i will deliver, and thou shalt me.

the words were very apt to my case, and made some impression upon my thoughts at the time of reading them, tho' not so much as they did afterwards; for as for being deliver'd, the word had no sound, as i may say, to me; the thing was so remote, so impossible in my apprehension of things, that i began to say as the children of israel did, when they were promis'd flesh to eat, can god spread a table in the wilderness? so i began to say, can god himself deliver me from this place? and as it was not for many years that any hope appear'd, this prevail'd very often upon my thoughts: but however, the words made a great impression upon me, and i mused upon them very often. it grew now late, and the tobacco had, as i said, doz'd my head so much, that i inclin'd to sleep; so i left my lamp burning in the cave, least i should want any thing in the night, and went to bed; but before i lay down, i did what i never had done in all my life, i kneel'd down and pray'd to god to fulfil the promise to me, that if i call'd upon him in the day of trouble, he would deliver me; after my broken and prayer was over, i drunk the rum in which i had steep'd the tobacco, which was so strong and rank of the tobacco, that indeed i could scarce get it down; immediately upon this i went to bed, i found presently it flew up in my head , but i fell into a sound sleep, and wak'd no more 'till by the sun it must be near three a-clock in the afternoon the next day; nay, to this hour, i'm partly of the opinion, that i slept all the next day and night, and 'till almost three that day after; for otherwise i knew not how i should lose a day out of my reckoning in the days of the week, as it appear'd some years after i had done: for if i had lost it by crossing and re-crossing the line, i should have lost more than one day: but certainly i lost a day in my accompt, and never knew which way.

be that however one way or th' other, when i awak'd i found my self ly" title="ad.非常地,极度地">ly'd, and my spirits lively and chearful; when i got up, i was stronger than i was the day before, and my stomach better, for i was hungry; and in short, i had no fit the next day, but continu'd much alter'd for the better; this was the 29th.

the 30th was my well day of course, and i went abroad with my gun, but did not care to travel too far, i kill'd a sea fowl or two, something like a brand goose, and brought them home, but was not very forward to eat them; so i ate some more of the turtle's eggs, which were very good: this evening i renew'd the medicine which i had suppos'd did me good the day before, viz. the tobacco steep'd in rum, only i did not take so much as before, nor did i chew any of the leaf, or hold my head over the smoke; however, i was not so well the next day, which was the first of july, as i hop'd i shou'd have been; for i had a little spice of the cold fit, but it was not much.

july 2. i renew'd the medicine all the three ways, and doz'd my self with it as at first; and doubled the quantity which i drank.

3. i miss'd the fit for good and all, tho' i did not recover my full strength for some weeks after; while i was thus strength, my thoughts run ly" title="ad.非常地,极度地">ly upon this scripture, i will deliver thee, and the impossibility of my deliverance lay much upon my mind in barr of my ever expecting it: but as i was discouraging my self with such thoughts, it occurr'd to my mind, that i pored so much upon my deliverance from the main affliction, that i disregarded the deliverance i had receiv'd; and i was, as it were, made to ask my self such questions as these, viz. have i not been deliver'd, and too, from sickness? from the most distress'd condition that could be, and that as so to me, and what notice i had taken of it?

had i done my part? god had deliver'd me, but i had not 'd him; that is to say, i had not own'd and been for that as a deliverance, and how cou'd i expect greater deliverance?

this touch'd my heart very much, and immediately i kneel'd down and gave god thanks aloud, for my recovery from my sickness.

july 4. in the morning i took the bible, and beginning at the new testament, i began seriously to read it, and impos'd upon my self to read a while every morning and every night, not tying my self to the number of chapters, but as long as my thoughts shou'd engage me: it was not long after i set seriously to this work, but i found my heart more deeply and with the wickedness of my past life: the impression of my dream reviv'd, and the words, all these things have not brought thee to repentance, ran seriously in my thought: i was begging of god to give me repentance, when it happen'd providentially the very day that reading the scripture, i came to these words, he is exalted a prince and a saviour, to give repentance, and to give remission: i threw down the book, and with my heart as well as my hands lifted up to heaven, in a kind of extasy of joy, i cry'd out aloud, jesus, thou son of david, jesus, thou exalted prince and saviour, give me repentance!

this was the first time that i could say, in the true sense of the words, that i pray'd in all my life; for now i pray'd with a sense of my condition, and with a true scripture view of hope founded on the encouragement of the word of god; and from this time, i may say, i began to have hope that god would hear me.

now i began to construe the words mentioned above, call on me, and i will deliver you, in a different sense from what i had ever done before; for then i had no notion of any thing being call'd deliverance, but my being deliver'd from the captivity i was in; for tho' i was indeed at large in the place, yet the island was certainly a prison to me, and that in the worst sense in the world; but now i learn'd to take it in another sense: now i look'd back upon my past life with such horrour, and my sins appear'd so dreadful, that my soul sought nothing of god, but deliverance from the load of guilt that bore down all my comfort: as for my solitary life it was nothing; i did not so much as pray to be deliver'd from it, or think of it; it was all of no consideration in comparison to this: and i add this part here, to hint to shall read it, that whenever they come to a true sense of things, they will find deliverance from sin a much greater blessing, than deliverance from affliction.

but leaving this part, i return to my journal.

my condition began now to be, tho' not less miserable as my way of living, yet much easier to my mind; and my thoughts being directed, by a constant reading the scripture, and praying to god, to things of a higher nature: i ad a great deal of comfort within, which till now i knew nothing of; also, as my health and strength returned, i bestirr'd my self to furnish my self with every thing that i anted, and make my way of living as regular as i could.

from the 4th of july to the 24th, i was chiefly employ'd walking about with my gun in my hand, a little and a little, at a time, as a man that was up his strength after a fit of sickness: for it is hardly to be imagin'd, how low i was, and to what weakness i was reduc'd. the application which i made use of was new, and perhaps what had never cur'd an ague before, neither can recommend it to any one to practise, by this experiment; and tho' it did carry off the fit, yet it rather contributed to weakening me; for i had frequent convulsions in my nerves and limbs for some time.

i learn'd from it also this in particular, that being abroad the rainy season was the most thing to my health that could be, especially in those rains which came ended with storms and hurricanes of wind; for as the in which came in the dry season was always most accompany'd with such storms, so i found that rain was much more dangerous than the rain which fell in september and october.

i had been now in this unhappy island above 10 months, all possibility of deliverance from this condition, seem'd to be entirely taken from me; and i firmly believed, that no shape had ever set foot upon that place: having now secur'd my habitation, as i thought, fully to my mind, i had a great desire to make a more perfect discovery of the island, and to see what other productions i might find, which i yet knew nothing of.

it was the 15th of july that i began to take a more particular survey of the island it self: i went up the creek first, where, as i hinted, i brought my rafts on shore; i found after i came about two miles up, that the tide did not flow any higher, and that it was no more than a little brook of running water, and very fresh and good; but this being the dry season, there was hardly any water in some parts of it, at least, not enough to run in any stream, so as it could be perceiv'd.

on the bank of this brook i found many pleasant savana's, or meadows; plain, smooth, and cover'd with grass; and on the rising parts of them next to the higher grounds, where the water, as it might be supposed, never overflow'd i found a great deal of tobacco, green, and growing to great and very strong stalk; there were other plants which i had no notion of, or understanding about, and might perhaps have vertues of their own, which i could find out.

i searched for the cassava root, which the indians in all that climate make their bread of, but i could find i saw large plants of alloes, but did not then understand them. i saw several sugar canes, but wild, and for cultivation, . i my self with these discoveries for this time, and came back musing with myself what course i might take to know the vertue and goodness of any of the fruits or plants which i should discover; but could bring it to no conclusion; for in short, i had made so little observation while i wad in the brasils, that i knew little of the plants in the field, at least very little that might serve me to any purpose now in my distress.

the next day, the 16th, i went up the same way again, and after going something farther than i had gone the day before, i found the brook, and the savana's began to cease, and the country became more woody than before; in this part i found different fruits, and particularly i found mellons upon the ground in great abundance, and grapes upon the trees; the vines had spread indeed over the trees, and the clusters of grapes were just now in their prime, very ripe and rich: this was a surprising discovery, and i was glad of them; but i was warn'd by my experience to eat sparingly of them, remembring, that when i was ashore in barbary, the eating of grapes kill'd several of our english men who were slaves there, by throwing them into fluxes and feavers: but i found an excellent use for these grapes, and that was to cure or dry them in the sun, and keep them as dry'd grapes or raisins are kept, which i thought would be, as indeed they were, as wholesom as agreeable to eat, when no grapes might be to be had.

i spent all that evening there, and went not back to my habitation, which by the way was the first night, as i might say, i had lain from home. in the night i took my first contrivance, and got up into a tree, where i slept well, and the next morning proceeded upon my discovery, travelling near four miles, as i might judge by the length of the valley, keeping still due north, with a ridge of hills on the south and north-side of me.

at the end of this march i came to an opening, where the country seem'd to descend to the west, and a little spring of fresh water which issued out of the side of the hill by me, run the other way, that is due east; and the country appear'd so fresh, so green, so flourishing, every thing being in a constant verdure, or flourish of spring, that it looked like a planted garden.

i descended a little on the side of that delicious vale, surveying it with a secret kind of pleasure, (tho' mixt with my other afflicting thoughts) to think that this was all my own, that i was king and lord of all this country indefeasibly, and had a right of possession; and if i could convey it, i might have it in inheritance, as compleatly as any lord of a mannor in england. i saw here abundance of cocoa trees, orange, and lemmon, and citron trees; but all wild, and very few any fruit, at least not then: however, the green limes that i gathered, were not only pleasant to eat, but very ; and i mix'd their juice afterwards with water, which made it very , and very cool, and ing.

i found now i had business enough to gather and carry home; and i resolv'd to lay up a store, as well of grapes, as limes and lemons, to furnish my self for the wet season, which i knew was approaching.

in order to this, i gather'd a great heap of grapes in one place, and a heap in another place, and a great parcel of limes and lemons in another place; and a few of each with me, i travell'd , and resolv'd to come again, and bring a bag or sack, or what i could make to carry the rest home.

accordingly, having spent three days in this journey, i came home; so i must now call my tent and my cave: but, before i got thither, the grapes were spoil'd; the richness of the fruits, and the weight of the juice having broken them, and bruis'd them, they were good for little or nothing; as to the limes, they were good, but i could bring but a few.

the next day, being the 19th, i went back, having made me two small bags to bring home my harvest: but i was surpriz'd, when coming to my heap of grapes, which were so rich and fine when i gather'd them, i found them all spread about, trod to pieces, and dragg'd about, some here, some there, and abundance eaten and devour'd: by this i concluded, there were some wild creatures thereabouts, which had done this; but what they were, i knew not.

however, as i found there there was no laying them up on heaps, and no carrying them away in a sack, but that one way they would be destroy'd, and the other way they would be crush'd with their own weight. i took another course; for i gather'd a large quantity of the grapes, and hung them up upon the out branches of the trees, that they might cure and dry in the sun; and as for the limes and lemons, i carry'd as many back as i could well stand under.

when i came home from this journey, i contemplated with great pleasure the fruitfulness of that valley, and the pleasantness of the scituation, the security from storms on that side the water, and the wood, and concluded, that i had pitch'd upon a place to fix my abode, which was by far the worst part of the country. upon the whole i began to consider of removing my habitation; and to look out for a ace equally safe, as where i now was scituate, if possible, in that pleasant part of the island.

this thought run long in my head, and i was fond of it for some time, the pleasantness of the place me; but when i came to a nearer view of it, and to consider that i was now by the sea-side, where it was at least possible that something might happen to my advantage, and by the same ill fate that brought me hither, might bring some other unhappy wretches to the same place; and tho' it was scarce probable that any such thing should ever happen, yet to my self among the hills and woods, in the center of the island, was to my bondage, and to render such an affair not only improbable, but impossible; and that therefore i ought not by any means to remove.

however, i was so enamour'd of this place, that i spent much of my time there, for the whole remaining part of the month of july; and tho' upon second thoughts i resolv'd as above, not to remove, yet i built me a little kind of a bower, and surrounded it at a distance with a strong fence, being a double hedge, as high as i could reach, well stak'd, and fill'd between with brushwood; and here i lay very secure, sometimes two or three nights together, always going over it with a ladder, as before; so that i fancy'd now i had my country-house, and my sea-coast-house: and this work took me up to the beginning of august.

i had but newly finish'd my fence, and began to enjoy my labour, but the rains came on, and made me stick close to my first habitation; for tho' i had made me a tent like the other, with a piece of a sail, and spread it very well; yet i had not the shelter of a hill to keep me from storms, nor a cave behind me to retreat into, when the rains were extraordinary.

about the beginning of august, as i said, i had finish'd my bower, and began to enjoy my self. the third of august, i found the grapes i had hung up were dry'd, and indeed, were excellent good raisins of the sun; so i began to take them down from the trees, and it was very happy that i did so; for the rains which follow'd would have spoil'd them, and i had lost the best part of my winter food; for i had above two hundred large bunches of them. no sooner had i taken them all down, and carry'd most of them home to my cave, but it began to rain, and from hence, which was the fourteenth of august, it rain'd more or less, every day, till the middle of october; and sometimes so , that i could not stir out of my cave for several days.

in this season i was much surpriz'd with the increase of my family; i had been concern'd for the loss of one of my cats, who run away from me, or as i thought had been dead, and i heard no more tale or tidings of her, till to my astonishment she came home about the end of august, with three kittens; this was the more strange to me, because tho' i had kill'd a wild cat, as i call'd it, with my gun; yet i thought it was a quite differing kind from our european cats; yet the young cats were the same kind of house breed like the old one; and both my cats being females, i thought it very strange: but from these three cats, i afterwards came to be so pester'd with cats, that i was forc'd to kill them like vermine, or wild beasts, and to drive them from my house as much as possible.

from the fourteenth of august to the twenty sixth, rain, so that i could not stir, and was now very careful not to be much wet. in this confinement i began to be straitned for food, but venturing out twice, i one day kill'd a goat, and the last day, which was the twenty sixth, found a very large tortoise, which was a treat to me, and my food was regulated thus; i eat a bunch of raisins for my breakfast, a piece of the goat's flesh, or of the turtle for my dinner broil'd; for to my great misfortune, i had no vessel to boil or stew any thing; and two or three of the turtle's eggs for my supper.

during this confinement in my cover, by the rain, i work'd daily two or three hours at enlarging my cave, and by degrees work'd it on towards one side, till i came to the out-side of the hill, and made a door or way out, which came beyond my fence or wall, and so i came in and out this way; but i was not easy at lying so open; for as i had manag'd my self before, i was in a perfect enclosure, whereas now i thought i lay expos'd, and open for any thing to come in upon me; and yet i could not perceive that there was any living thing to fear, the biggest creature that i had yet seen upon the island being a goat.

september the thirtieth, i was now come to the unhappy anniversary of my landing. i cast up the notches on my post, and found i had been on shore three hundred and sixty five days. i kept this day as a solemn fast, setting it apart to religious exercise, prostrating my self on the ground with the most serious humiliation, confessing my sins to god, acknowledging his righteous judgments upon me, and praying to him to have mercy on me, through jesus christ; and having not tasted the least refreshment for twelve hours, even till the going down of the sun, i then eat a bisket cake, and a bunch of grapes, and went to bed, finishing the day as i began it.

i had all this time observ'd no sabbath-day; for as at first i had no sense of religion upon my mind, i had after some time omitted to distinguish the weeks, by making a longer notch than ordinary for the sabbath-day, and so did not really know what any of the days were; but now having cast up the days, as above, i found i had been there a year; so i divided it into weeks, and set apart every seventh day for a sabbath; though i found at the end of my account i had lost a day or two in my reckoning.

a line after this my ink began to fail me, and so i my self to use it more sparingly, and to write down only the most remarkable events of my life, without continuing a daily memorandum of other things.

the rainy season, and the dry season, began now to appear regular to me, and i learn'd to divide them so, as to provide for them accordingly. but i bought all my experience before i had it; and this i am going to relate, was one of the most discouraging experiments that i made at all: i have mention'd that i had sav'd the few ears of barley and rice, which i had so surprizingly found spring up, as i thought, of themselves, and believe there was about thirty stalks of rice, and about twenty of barley; and now i thought it a proper time to sow it after the rains, the sun being in its southern position going from me.

accordingly i dug up a piece of ground as well as i could with my wooden spade, and dividing it into two parts, i sow'd my grain; but as i was sowing, it casually occur'd to my thoughts, that i would not sow it all at first, because i did not know when was the proper time for it; so i sow'd about two thirds of the seed, leaving about a handful of each.

it was a great comfort to me afterwards, that i did so, for not one grain of that i sow'd this time came to any thing; for the dry months following, the earth having had no rain after the seed was sown, it had no moisture to assist its growth, and never came up at all, till the wet season had come again, and then it grew as if it had been but newly sown.

finding my first seed did not grow, which i easily imagin'd was by the drought, i fought for a moister piece of ground to make another trial in, and i dug up a piece of ground near my new bower, and sow'd the rest of my seed in february, a little before the vernal equinox; and this having the rainy months of march and april to water it, up very , and yielded a very good crop; but having part of the seed left only, and not to sow all that i had i had but a small quantity at last, my whole crop not amounting to above half a peck of each kind.

but by this experiment i was made master of my business, and knew exactly when the proper season was to sow; and that i might expect two seed times, and two harvests every year.

while this corn was growing, i made a little discovery which was of use to me afterwards: as soon as the rains were over, and the weather began to settle, which was about the month of november, i made a visit up the country to my bower, where though i had not been some months, yet i found all things just as i left them. the circle or double hedge that i had made, was not only firm and entire; but the stakes which i had cut out of some trees that grew thereabouts, were all shot out and grown with long branches, as much as a willow-tree usually shoots the first year after lopping its head. i could not tell what tree to call it, that these stakes were cut from. i was surpriz'd, and yet very well pleas'd, to see the young trees grow; and i prun'd them, and led them up to grow as much alike as i could; and it is scarce credible how beautiful a figure they grew into in three years; so that though the hedge made a circle of about twenty five yards in diameter, yet the trees, for such i might now call them, soon cover'd it; and it was a compleat shade, sufficient to lodge under all the dry season.

this made me resolve to cut some more stakes, and make me a hedge like this in a semicircle round my wall; i mean that of my first dwelling, which i did; and placing the trees or stakes in a double row, at about eight yards distance from my first fence, they grew presently, and were at first a fine cover to my habitation, and afterward serv'd for a defence also, as i shall observe in its order.

i found now, that the seasons of the year might generally be divided, not into summer and winter, as in europe; but into the rainy seasons, and the dry seasons, which were generally thus,

half february, march, half april,

rainy, the sun being then on, or near the equinox.

half april, may, june, july, half august,

dry, the sun being then to the north of the line.

half august, september, half october,

rainy, the sun being then come back.

half october, november, december, january, half february,

dry, the sun being then to the south of the line.

the rainy season sometimes held longer or shorter, as the winds happen'd to blow; but this was the general observation i made: after i had found by experience, the ill consequence of being abroad in the rain. i took care to furnish my self with provisions before hand, that i might not be oblig'd to go out; and i sat within doors as much as possible during the wet months.

this time i found much employment, (and very suitable also to the time) for i found great occasion of many things which i had no way to furnish my self with, but by hard labour and constant application; particularly, i try'd many ways to make my self a basket, but all the twigs i could get for the purpose prov'd so brittle, that they would do nothing. it prov'd of excellent advantage to me now, that when i was a boy, i used to take great delight in standing at a basketmaker's, in the town where my father liv'd, to see them make their wicker-ware; and being as boys usually are, very officious to help, and a great observer of the manner how they work'd those things, and sometimes lending a hand, i had by this means full knowledge of the methods of it, that i wanted nothing but the materials; when it came into my mind, that the twigs of that tree from i cut my stakes that grew, might possibly be as tough as the sallow's, and willows, and osiers in england, and i resolv'd to try.

accordingly the next day, i went to my country-house, as i call'd it, and cutting some of the smaller twigs, i found them to my purpose as much as i could desire; i came the next time prepar'd with a hatchet to cut down a quantity, which i soon found, for there was great plenty of them; these i set up to dry within my circle or hedge, and when they were fit for use, i carry'd them to my cave, and here during the next season, i employ'd my self in making, as well as i could, a great many baskets, both to carry earth, or to carry or lay up any thing as i had occasion; and tho' i did not finish them very handsomly, yet i made them sufficiently serviceable for my purpose; and thus afterwards i took care never to be without them; and as my wicker-ware decay'd, i made more, especially, i made strong deep baskets to place my corn in, instead of sacks, when i should come to have any quantity of it.

having master'd this difficulty, and employ'd a world of time about it, i bestirr'd my self to see if possible how to supply two wants: i had no vessels to hold any thing that was liquid, except two runlets which were almost full of rum, and some glass-bottles, some of the common size, and others which were case-bottles square, for the of waters, spirits, etc. i had not so much as a pot to boil any thing, except a great kettle, which i sav'd out of the ship, and which was too big for such use as i desir'd it, viz. to make broth, and stew a bit of meat by it self. the second thing i would fain have had, was a tobacco-pipe; but it was impossible to me to make one, however, i found a contrivance for that too at last.

i employ'd my self in planting my second rows of stakes or piles and in this wicker working all the summer, or dry season, when another business took me up more time than it could be imagin'd i could spare.