lying in hangzhou city of zhejiang province, the west lake is a world famous spot. embraced by green hills on three sides, the lake covers an area of 5.6 square kilometers and has a perimeter of 15 kilometers.
the whole lake is divided into 5 sections, the outer lake, north inner lake, yue lake and little south lake, by gu hill, sudi causeway, baiti causeway and ruangong mound.
the name of west lake was fixed as early as the tang dynasty (618-907). before the tang dynasty, the lake had various names such as wulin water, mingsheng lake, jinzhong lake, longchuan, qianyuan, qiantang lake, and shang lake, etc. in the song dynasty (960-1279), the chinese poet su dongpo wrote a poem to praise the west lake and compared it to xizi, a chinese legendary beauty. since then, the west lake has another name xizi lake.
the beauty of the west lake lies in its lingering charm that survives the change of seasons in a year and of hours in a day. among its beautiful sights, the most famous sites are the ten sights in west lake and the ten new sights in west lake, which are known as the double-ten sights in west lake. the ten sights in west lake are melting snow at broken bridge(断桥残雪), spring dawn at sudi causeway(苏堤春晓), sunset glow over leifeng hill(雷峰夕照), lotus in the breeze at crooked courtyard(曲苑风荷), autumn moon on calm lake(平湖秋月), listening to orioles singing in the willows(柳浪闻莺), viewing fish at flowers harbor(花港观鱼), evening bell at nanping hill(南屏晚钟), three pools mirroring the moon(三潭印月), and twin peaks piercing the clouds(双峰插云). the ten new sights in west lake are dream spring of hupao(虎跑梦泉), tea-tasting at dragon well(龙井问茶), gem bathed in flowing rosy clouds (宝石流霞), heaven wind over wushan mountain(吴山天风), scud over yuhuang(玉皇飞云), yellow dragon spitting greenness(黄龙吐翠), rains of sweet-scented osmanthus over hills (满陇桂雨), trees in mist by the nine rivulets (九溪烟树), ruan mound in green(阮墩环碧), cloud dwelling and bamboo path (云栖竹径).
the west lake is also famous for its flavor with numerous celebrities. national heroes yue fei, yu qian, zhang ruoshui and qiu jin were all buried along the west lake, leaving their names and noble spirits in the green hills and blue waters. moreover, many ancient poets and artists, such as bai juyi, su dongpo, liu yong and pan tianshou, had also left famous writings.
- [´kɔ:zwei] n.堤道；砌道 六级词汇
- [´dinəsti] n.王朝；朝代 四级词汇
- [´piəsiŋ] a.刺(贯)穿的；尖刻的 六级词汇